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  1. Jazz Today has basically two camps. One camp is with no labels or preconceived style, and the other is
    1. Dixieland Jazz
    2. Mainstream Jazz (AKA straight ahead jazz)
    3. Vocal Jazz
    4. Acid Jazz
    5. None of the Above

  2. New offshoots of jazz today include
    1. M-Base
    2. Acid Jazz
    3. Mainstream Jazz
    4. Answers A and B
    5. Answers B and C

  3. Marian McPartland’s national show, Piano Jazz, can be heard on
    1. NPR
    2. MTV
    3. CBS
    4. PBS
    5. None of the Above

  4. Important women jazz vocalists include
    1. Ella Fitzgerald
    2. Billie Holiday
    3. Sarah Vaughan
    4. All of the Above
    5. None of the Above

  5. Instrumental jazz, from its earliest roots, has been primarily
    1. female dominated
    2. straight ahead
    3. male dominated
    4. neither male nor female dominated
    5. synthesized sounds

  6. Straight Ahead Jazz artist, Wynton Marsalis, plays the
    1. drums
    2. piano
    3. soprano saxophone
    4. alto saxophone
    5. trumpet

  7. No Labels artists Branford Marsalis and Michael Brecker both play the
    1. guitar
    2. tenor saxophone
    3. alto saxophone
    4. trumpet
    5. electronic keyboards

  8. M-Base artist, Gary Thomas, plays
    1. electric guitar and electric bass
    2. alto saxophone and EWI
    3. tenor saxophone and flute
    4. electronic keyboards
    5. none of the above

  9. Regina Carter is famous for her work on the
    1. violin
    2. flute
    3. guitar
    4. piano
    5. trumpet

  10. DIVA is
    1. a female jazz vocalist
    2. an Acid Jazz band
    3. a brand of alto saxophone
    4. a male vocal jazz group
    5. an all-female big band

  11. Acid Jazz groups include
    1. Digable Planets
    2. Groove Collective
    3. US3
    4. all of the above
    5. none of the above

  12. Jazz will increasingly witness the inclusion of more World Music, i.e.,
    1. Eastern, African, Latin, and 20th and 21st Century Classical musics
    2. music from other planets
    3. music with no sound
    4. all of the above
    5. none of the above

  13. Mainstream jazz will most likely continue and grow as young players study the genius of
    1. Hip Hop
    2. Rap
    3. technology
    4. past jazz masters
    5. Free Jazz

  14. Technical mastery of the acoustic instruments of jazz in the future will most likely
    1. remain about the same
    2. decrease
    3. increase
    4. become less important
    5. none of the above

  15. As computers and recording studios become more technologically advanced, jazz will most likely witness more use of
    1. synthesized sounds
    2. sampling
    3. looping
    4. electronic techniques not yet invented
    5. all of the above

  16. Jazz will become a mainstay of American
    1. public education
    2. popular music
    3. Airlines
    4. conservative values
    5. none of the above

  17. Jazz has reflected the profound and rapid changes in American lifestyle in the
    1. 18th Century
    2. 19th Century
    3. 18th and 19th Centuries
    4. 19th and 20th Centuries
    5. 20th Century

  18. Jazz will continue to epitomize the American ideal of
    1. individual expression
    2. education
    3. women in jazz
    4. conservatism
    5. rural life

  19. Perhaps there is no better example of democracy than a(n)
    1. music conservatory
    2. jazz-funk recording
    3. jazz ensemble
    4. orchestra
    5. saxophone playing president

  20. The study of jazz provides insight into
    1. homogeneity
    2. responsibility and teamwork
    3. the 19th century
    4. only music
    5. none of the above

  21. A better understanding and respect for this country’s diverse cultural heritage can be attained from the study of
    1. technology
    2. music conservatories
    3. classical music
    4. jazz
    5. none of the above

  22. Jazz will continue to reflect young people’s desire to express their differences from and pay homage to
    1. instrumental music
    2. vocal music
    3. classical music
    4. new, young artists
    5. earlier generations

  23. Jazz expresses emotions with impervious
    1. honesty
    2. dishonesty
    3. apathy
    4. indifference
    5. conservatism

  24. Artistic director of the Jazz at Lincoln Center program devoted to the promotion of music education for young Americans.
    1. Wynton Marsalis
    2. Maria Schneider
    3. Gil Evans
    4. Bob Brookmeyer
    5. Thelonious Monk

  25. Wynton Marsalis’ epic oratorio on slavery
    1. In Abraham’s Bosom
    2. Let My People Free
    3. Strange Fruit
    4. All God’s Chillun Got Wings
    5. Blood on the Fields

Fill in the blank with the correct answer
  1. Mainstream jazz is also known as ______________________________________ jazz.

  2. The retro movement of mainstream jazz has been under the tutelage of trumpet player ___________________________________.

  3. ____________________ Jazz is based on jazz/funk recordings of the 1960’s, early 70’s, classic R&B, and hip hop.

  4. The “ M” in M-Base jazz stands for ____________________________.

  5. In the past, women in jazz have made their greatest impact in the _________________________ jazz arena.

  6. _____________________________________ jazz will most likely continue flourish as young players study the past masters.

  7. The most well-known all-female big band touring and recording today is ____________________________.

  8. In the future, jazz will most likely be created by ___________________________________ technicians as well as musicians.

  9. In the future, not only will jazz be taught in music classes, but ______________________________________ classes as well.

  10. Jazz artists Steve Davis, Jeff Tain Watts, and Cindy Blackman all play ________________________________ (what instrument).

  11. Jazz artists Pat Methany and John Scofield both play ________________________________ (what instrument).

  12. Jazz artists Danilo Perez, Marcus Roberts, and Patrice Rushen all play ________________________________ (what instrument).

  13. Jazz will continue to epitomize the American ideal of individual __________________________________.

  14. The study of jazz provides better understanding of and respect for this country’s diverse __________________________________.

  15. As it did throughout the ________ century, jazz will continue to give the American people a collective picture of cultural conditions and changes.

  16. Perhaps there is no better example of _____________________ than a jazz ensemble: individual freedom but with responsibility to the group.

  17. From its beginning, jazz has been an art for energetic people brave enough to express their true _________________________.

  18. Jazz artists Ingrid Jensen, Dave Douglas,Terence Blanchard, and Roy Hargrove all play ________________________________ (what instrument).

  19. Instrumental jazz has been primarily ____________________ dominated.

  20. Jazz artists Michael Brecker, Branford Marsalis, and Joshua Redman all play _____________________________ (what instrument).

  21. Betty Carter, Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday, Carmen McRae, and Sarah Vaughan are all jazz _____________________________.

  22. ______________________________________ refers to digitally recorded synthesized and/or acoustic sounds.

  23. ___________________________________ is the continuous repetition of a musical phrase manipulated by electronic means.

  24. In the past, _______________________________ in jazz have made their greatest impact in the vocal jazz arena.

  25. Institutions of higher learning (colleges, universities, and music conservatories) will continue to increase their jazz course offerings, conferring a bachelor’s, master’s, and even a ______________________________ in Jazz Studies.

Write a one to two page answer.
Essay Question #1
Discuss how jazz has reflected the profound and rapid changes in American culture and lifestyle during the 20th Century.

Essay question #2
Jazz of today has a direct relationship to the jazz of tomorrow. Discuss how today’s artists and society will affect the jazz of tomorrow.

Essay question #3
Women, especially of late, have been important in the field of jazz. Discuss female artists and their contributions to today’s jazz scene.

Essay question #4
Technology is emerging in all areas of our society. Discuss the relationship of jazz and technology, both today and in the future.

Essay question #5
Relate the evolution of jazz to the evolution of society in America in the 20th century.

Please answer true or false to the following questions.
1. Mainstream jazz is also known as looping. T F
2. No Labels jazz can include elements of classical music. T F
3. New offshoots of jazz today include M-Base and Acid Jazz. T F
4. Mainstream artist, Wynton Marsalis, plays the tenor saxophone. T F
5. Much of Acid Jazz is performed and recorded with Rap vocals. T F
6. Lillian Hardin Armstrong contributed to the instrumental jazz tradition. T F
7. DIVA is a male dominated big band. T F
8. Technology is important to the evolution of jazz. T F
9. In the future, Jazz will most likely be created by computer technicians as well as musicians. T F
10. Jazz, being a style of music, is only taught in music classes. T F
11. Women do not contribute to the composing and arranging of jazz music. T F
12. World Music most likely will play an important role in the jazz of the future. T F
13. Colleges and universities do not include jazz in their degree offerings. T F
14. The styles of jazz have changed profoundly throughout its short history. T F
15. The study of jazz does not include cultural sensitivity and awareness. T F
16. The study of jazz provides insight into teamwork, ethnic diversity, and goal accomplishment. T F
17. Jazz does not pay homage to the past. T F
18. Jazz is the same as it was at its roots. T F
19. The study of jazz provides respect for this country’s diverse cultural heritage. T F
20. Dixieland is no longer being performed. T F
21. History and jazz have nothing in common. T F
22. Identifying and emulating the jazz masters of the past is part of mainstream jazz today. T F
23. M-Base Jazz is based upon harmonic elements of the late 1990s. T F
24. American society experienced rapid and revolutionary changes at the beginning of the century but has changed little since the "Jazz Age." T F
25. Wynton Marsalis is known for his new jazz compositions that are based solely on African rhythms. T F
Match the words in the columns correctly.

1. jazz of the future  

A. digitally recording sounds  

1. _____

2. Mainstream Jazz  


2. _____

3. M-Base  

C. Gary Thomas  

3. _____

4. new jazz offshoots  

D. Piano Jazz  

4. _____

5. acid jazz  

E. tenor saxophone  

5. _____

6. Christian McBride  

F. Macro-based jazz  

6. _____

7. Marian McPartland  

G. alto saxophone  

7. _____

8. Geri Allen  

H. M-Base and Acid Jazz  

8. _____

9. sampling  

I. musicians and computer technicians  

9. _____

10. Steve Davis  

J. drums  

10. _____

11. looping  

K. continuous electronic repetition of a musical phrase  

11. _____

12. Bobby Watson  

L. Dolphy's Dance  

12. _____

13. Branford Marsalis  

M. US3, Digable Planets, Groove Collective  

13. _____

14. M-Base artist  

N. bass  

14. _____

15. World Music  

O. Eastern, African, and Latin  

15. _____

16. No Labels Jazz  

P. anything goes  

16. _____

17. PanaMonk  

Q. Danilo Perez  

17. _____

18. Retro movement trumpet player  

R. Wynton Marsalis  

18. _____

19. all female big band  

S. straight ahead  

19. _____

20. Maria Schneider  

T. jazz ensemble  

20. _____

21. Acid Jazz artists  

U. increasingly adding jazz curricula  

21. _____

22. jazz education  

V. music, social studies and American history classes  

22. _____

23. democracy  

W. composer/arranger  

23. _____

24. music conservatories and universities  

X. electronic excerpts of 1960s and '70s recordings  

24. _____

25. Jazz - a symbol of...  

Y. modernization, city life, and interracial activity  

25. _____

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