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Test Bank

Select the BEST answer
  1. Jazz is
    1. early symphonic music
    2. music based on strictly planned notation
    3. a combination of a partly planned and partly spontaneous musical dialogue between the musicians who are performing it
    4. a computer disc having slight less storage space than a Zip disc
    5. music without vocals
  2. To create jazz, musicians use
    1. inspiration
    2. musical theory
    3. past styles of music
    4. their life experience
    5. all of the above
  3. Jazz has been around for
    1. one hundred years
    2. two hundred years
    3. three hundred years
    4. fifty years
    5. twenty-five years
  4. Jazz first appeared in
    1. New York City
    2. Chicago
    3. New Orleans
    4. Europe
    5. Mississippi
  5. Jazz evolved from
    1. Ragtime
    2. brass band music
    3. Spirituals
    4. Blues
    5. all of the above
  6. The musicians responsible for devising jazz's major elements were primarily
    1. Victorians
    2. Europeans
    3. Appalachian farmers
    4. African Americans
    5. early American folk singers
  7. Jazz has influenced the following kind(s) of musical style(s):
    1. Hip Hop
    2. 20th Century classical music
    3. Rock
    4. Rap
    5. all of the above
  8. Jazz has been influenced by the following kind(s) of musical style(s):
    1. traditional African music
    2. classical music
    3. Latin music
    4. the blues
    5. all of the above
  9. In 1987, Congress declared jazz
    1. an American National Treasure
    2. illegal
    3. the National Pastime
    4. part of America's new music
    5. a requirement for high-school graduation
  10. Jazz has become a popular element in American lifestyle and attitude in that
    1. everyone knows how to play it
    2. jazz terms have become an accepted part of everyday language and slang
    3. there are more jazz radio stations than ever before
    4. there are more jazz musicians than any other kind of musician
    5. none of the above
  11. Choose the issue(s) that most closely influenced the creation of jazz:
    1. Religious issues
    2. Trade
    3. Social issues
    4. Education
    5. Voting rights
  12. Jazz has been most intimately linked with legal and social equality for
    1. African Americans
    2. women
    3. musicians
    4. laborers
    5. Latin Americans
  13. In the 1920s, jazz symbolized the cultural struggle between:
    1. industrialists and union organizers
    2. modernists and traditionalists
    3. suffragettes and religious leaders
    4. communists and socialists
    5. democrats and republicans
  14. The "Jazz Age" pertains to what period of time in American history?
    1. the "Turn of the Century"
    2. the Victorian Age
    3. the 1920s
    4. the Depression
    5. the 1960s
  15. The "new" jazz music was thought to be a rejection of Victorian values and:
    1. the fashions of the times
    2. traditional ideas of what "good" music was supposed to be
    3. the work ethic
    4. segregation
    5. written music
  16. The Swing Era occurred during the
    1. 1920s
    2. 1930s
    3. 1940s
    4. 1950s
    5. 1960s
  17. After World War II, jazz was mostly performed in
    1. large ensembles
    2. small combos
    3. duos
    4. big bands
    5. colleges
  18. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, avant-garde and free jazz reflected
    1. urbanization
    2. growing unemployment
    3. the Equal Rights Amendment
    4. the Computer Age
    5. the loosening of strict standards of behavior
  19. Jazz, after the Great Depression, brought America much needed
    1. self esteem
    2. slang
    3. rest
    4. income
    5. records
  20. At the turn of the century, jazz reflected the
    1. need for good dance music
    2. rejection of Victorian values
    3. disinterest of Americans in anything new
    4. need for great composers
    5. mood of the pilgrims
  21. After World War II, the size of the jazz ensemble
    1. increased
    2. remained the same
    3. was a much talked about subject
    4. was divided in two
    5. decreased
  22. Jazz was introduced in Europe corresponding which of the following events
    1. the 1889 Paris World Exhibition
    2. during World War I (1914-1918)
    3. during World War II (1939-1945)
    4. the Berlin Blockade of 1948
    5. Duke Ellington's tour of the Soviet Union in 1971
  23. Jazz was introduced in northern urban centers during the period in history called
    1. Reconstruction
    2. Gilded Age
    3. Harlem Renaissance
    4. The Great Migration
    5. New Deal
  24. Which of the following Harlem Renaissance authors is known as the "jazz poet"?
    1. Claude McKay
    2. Countee Cullen
    3. Langston Hughes
    4. James Weldon Johnson
    5. Zora Neal Hurston
  25. Who became known as the "High Priest of Bebop"?
    1. Benjamin Banneker
    2. Edward "Duke" Ellington
    3. James Reese Europe
    4. Langston Hughes
    5. Thelonious Monk

Fill in the blank with the correct answer
  1. Jazz is ____________________ conversation.

  2. Jazz is a partly ____________________ and partly _____________________ musical dialogue among the performers.

  3. Two elements of jazz are ____________________ and ____________________.
  4. Jazz is only a ____________________ old.
  5. Out of the ____________________ experience in America, jazz was born.
  6. Jazz evolved from ____________________songs, ____________________and the ____________________.
  7. The city that was the birthplace of early jazz was____________________.
  8. The major contributors to jazz have been primarily____________________.
  9. Jazz first appeared on the musical scene in the early ____________________.
  10. ____________________ has been a major influence on virtually all other musics in the 20th century.
  11. Jazz is more about the ____________________ music is played rather than ____________________is played.
  12. As far as musics go, jazz is relatively ____________________.
  13. The core of jazz is about ____________________ and not intellectual definition.
  14. America's ____________________ art form is jazz.
  15. Jazz has been linked more than any other music with legal and social equality for all, particularly _____________________.
  16. In the 20's, jazz symbolized the cultural struggle between ____________________ and ____________________.
  17. The 1920's has been coined the ____________________ Age.
  18. The new music, jazz, was a metaphor for the rejection of ____________________ values which dominated 19th century life.
  19. Jazz reached new levels of sophistication in the 1930's during the ____________________.
  20. Jazz brought America much needed ____________________ following the Great Depression.
  21. After World War II, there was a ____________________ in the size of the jazz ensemble.
  22. ____________________ jazz reflected America's social and political changes of the late 1950's - 1960's.
  23. Today, jazz is ____________________.
  24. Jazz emerged out of Ragtime during a period of ____________________ and ____________________ growth.
  25. Jazz's most altruistic intention is to bring people ____________________.

Please answer true or false to the following questions.
1. Jazz is musical conversation. T    F
2. Jazz is a completely planned musical dialogue among the musicians who are performing it. T    F
3. Jazz, more than any other music, has been linked with legal and social equality for all, particularly Native Americans. T    F
4. Jazz is a music of the present moment. T F
5. Jazz is an "old timer" to music, like symphonic music. T F
6. Jazz was born out of the Black experience in America. T F
7. Jazz fuses both African and European musical traditions. T F
8. Jazz evolved from rock 'n roll. T F
9. Jazz evolved from spirituals. T F
10. Jazz first appeared in the early 1800s. T F
11. Jazz first appeared in New Orleans. T F
12. Europeans devised the major elements of jazz. T F
13. African Americans have had the most influence on the development of jazz. T F
14. The 1920s was known as the "Classical Age." T F
15. Jazz is more about the way music is played rather than what is played. T F
16. Jazz is relatively simple. T F
17. Jazz makes less demands on the listener than most other popular styles. T F
18. The core of jazz is about feeling, not intellectual definition. T F
19. There are many musical, technical, and emotional elements occurring simultaneously in jazz. T F
20. Jazz is America's indigenous art form. T F
21. Jazz has made no impact on American culture. T F
22. James Weldon Johnson’s poem O Black and Unknown Bards reflects the view that music was an important part of African American culture. T F
23. In the 1920s the Cotton Club in New York broke down racial barriers by featuring integrated jazz bands and opening its doors to black and white patrons. T F
24. President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation and the passage of the Reconstruction amendments to the Constitution ended racial segregation in America. T F
25. Jazz musicians helped to break down barriers between the people of the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. T F

Write a one to two page answer.
Essay Question #1
Reread the impressions you jotted down while listening to each of the jazz selections at the beginning of the lesson. Compare each tune's differences and similarities, if any. Can you group any of the songs together by melody, rhythm, or mood? Why or why not.

Essay question #2
Are any of the tunes you heard at the beginning of the lesson more familiar to you than others? Describe why or why not. Include impressions you had about rhythm, melody, which instruments you recognized, and how they sound together.

Essay question #3
How might the city or neighborhood in which you live influence your musical taste ?

Essay question #4
Describe an important event or time in history - it could be something that just happened or something that happened long ago. How might this event influence popular culture, such as art, books, theater, music, fashion, language.

Essay question #5
Explain how jazz played a role in the struggle for social and legal equality in United States history during the twentieth century.
Match the words in the columns correctly.

1. Jazz  

A. Jazz Age  

1. _____

2. Improvisation  

B. what is played  

2. _____

3. Spontaneous Musical Dialogue  

C. created much controversy  

3. _____

4. Jazz's Musical Traditions  

D. African Americans  

4. _____

5. Slave Work Songs  

E. "Mister Magic"  

5. _____

6. Ragtime  

F. Musical Conversation  

6. _____

7. New Orleans  

G. Urban and industrial growth  

7. _____

8. Early 1900's  

H. Avant-garde and free jazz  

8. _____

9. The way the music is played is more important than...  

I. Spontaneous Composition  

9. _____

10. Relatively complex  

J. Jazz  

10. _____

11. Jazz is more about feeling than...  

K. Big Bands, Written Arrangements  

11. _____

12. Jazz has inspired many but has also...  

L. precursor to the blues  

12. _____

13. Social and legal equality for  

M. Weather Report  

13. _____

14. Jazz emerged out of  

N. intellectual definition  

14. _____

15. Turn of the century  

O. A sophisticated piano style  

15. _____

16. Jazz symbolized the cultural...  

P. "Maple Leaf Rag"  

16. _____

17. 1920's  

Q. When jazz first appeared  

17. _____

18. Swing Era  

R. Ornette Coleman  

18. _____

19. Late 1950's - 60's  

S. Jazz  

19. _____

20. "Birdland"  

T. "Shaw 'Nuff"  

20. _____

21. Scott Joplin  

U. Ragtime  

21. _____

22. Dizzy Gillespie  

V. Birthplace of jazz  

22. _____

23. "Lonely Woman"  

W. struggle between modernists and traditionalists  

23. _____

24. Grover Washington  

X. Count Basie  

24. _____

25. "Jumpin' at the Woodside"  

Y. African and European   

25. _____

the Herbie Hancock institute of jazz
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