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6

BeBop, Cool Jazz, and Hard Bop

I.

Bebop

II.

Cool Jazz

III.

Hard Bop

footnotes

1. National Center for History in the Schools, UCLA

2. For information on ordering The Instrumental History of Jazz 2-CD set, click here.

3. Student handouts can be downloaded from the Jazz in America website and photocopied.

4. Any material on the Jazz in America website may be made into a transparency as the instructor sees fit.

TOPICS:

  1. Bebop
  2. Cool Jazz
  3. Hard Bop

STANDARDS:
National Standards for United States History (Grades 7-8)1

Historical Thinking
Students should be able to:
  1. appreciate historical perspectives (Historical Comprehension Standard 2f).
  2. draw upon visual, literary, and musical sources including...folk, popular and classical music, to clarify, illustrate, or elaborate upon information presented in the historical narrative (Historical Comprehension Standard 2i).
  3. draw comparisons across eras and regions in order to define enduring issues as well as large-scale or long-term developments that transcend regional and temporal boundaries (Historical Analysis and Interpretation Standard 3d).

Historical Content
Students should be able to:
  1. understand the extent and impact of economic changes in the postwar period (Era 9: Postwar United States Standard 1a).
  2. understand how the social changes of the postwar period affected various Americans (Era 9: Postwar United States Standard 1b).

SESSION OBJECTIVES:
The student will:
  1. gain a fundamental understanding of
    1. bebop
    2. cool jazz
    3. hard bop
  2. explore how bebop, cool jazz, and hard bop reflected American culture and society in the 1940s and 1950s

EQUIPMENT:
  1. CD player
  2. chalkboard (with chalk and eraser)
  3. overhead projector (optional)
  4. computer logged onto www.jazzinamerica.org (optional)

MATERIALS:
  1. The Instrumental History of Jazz2(optional)
    1. two CDs
    2. accompanying booklet
  2. Student Handouts3 (one per student)
    1. chapter glossary
  3. Overhead projector transparencies4

INSTRUCTIONAL ACTIVITIES:
The instructor will:
  1. distribute student handouts
  2. discuss the fundamentals of
    1. bebop
    2. cool jazz
    3. hard bop
  3. discuss American history and culture regarding
    1. bebop
    2. cool jazz
    3. hard bop
  4. play various jazz recordings, including examples of bebop, cool jazz, and hard bop

STUDENT ACTIVITIES:
The students will:
  1. participate in a class discussion regarding bebop, cool jazz, and hard bop
  2. participate in a class discussion regarding jazz history as a part of American history in the 1940s and 1950s
  3. listen to jazz recordings of bebop, cool jazz, and hard bop

ASSESSMENT:
Test Bank
  1. Multiple Choice Test
  2. Essay/Discussion Questions at the Teacher’s Discretion

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