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5

Dixieland and the Swing Era

footnotes

1. National Center for History in the Schools, UCLA

2. For information on ordering The Instrumental History of Jazz 2-CD set, click here.

3. Student handouts can be downloaded from the Jazz in America website and photocopied.

4. Any material on the Jazz in America website may be made into a transparency as the instructor sees fit.

TOPICS:

  1. Jazz – The Early Years
  2. The Swing Era

STANDARDS:
National Standards for United States History (Grades 7-8)1

Historical Thinking
Students should be able to:
  1. draw upon visual, literary, and musical sources including...folk, popular and classical music, to clarify, illustrate, or elaborate upon information presented in the historical narrative (Historical Comprehension Standard 2i).
  2. draw comparisons across eras and regions in order to define enduring issues as well as large-scale or long-term developments that transcend regional and temporal boundaries (Historical Analysis and Interpretation Standard 3d).

Historical Content
Students should be able to:
  1. understand how new cultural movements reflected and changed American society (Era 7: The Emergence of Modern America Standard 3c).
  2. understand how American life changed during the 1930s...and explain the cultural life of the Depression years in art, literature, and music (Era 8: The Great Depression and World War II Standard 1b).

SESSION OBJECTIVES:
The student will:
  1. gain a fundamental understanding of early jazz and its American historical significance and cultural implications
    1. ragtime
    2. Dixieland
    3. Roaring Twenties
    4. Harlem Renaissance
  2. gain a fundamental understanding of big band jazz in the Swing Era and its American historical significance and cultural implications

EQUIPMENT:
  1. CD player
  2. chalkboard (with chalk and eraser)
  3. overhead projector (optional)
  4. computer logged onto www.jazzinamerica.org (optional)

MATERIALS:
  1. The Instrumental History of Jazz2(optional)
    1. two CDs
    2. accompanying booklet
  2. Student Handouts3 (one per student)
    1. chapter glossary
  3. Overhead projector transparencies4

INSTRUCTIONAL ACTIVITIES:
The instructor will:
  1. distribute student handouts
  2. discuss the fundamentals of
    1. ragtime
    2. Dixieland
    3. big band swing
  3. discuss American history and culture regarding:
    1. ragtime
    2. Dixieland
    3. big band swing
    4. Roaring Twenties
    5. Harlem Renaissance
  4. play various jazz recordings of ragtime, Dixieland, and big band swing

STUDENT ACTIVITIES:
The students will:
  1. participate in a class discussion regarding ragtime, Dixieland, and big band Swing Era jazz
  2. participate in a class discussion regarding jazz history as a part of American history, including jazz's cultural implications
  3. listen to jazz recordings of ragtime, Dixieland, and big band swing

ASSESSMENT:
Test Bank
  1. Multiple Choice Test
  2. Essay/Discussion Questions at the Teacher’s Discretion

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