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lesson plan12345678
1

Test Bank

Select the BEST answer
  1. Jazz was born in
    1. Africa
    2. Europe
    3. the United States
    4. Japan
    5. Cuba
  2. Jazz first appeared in the city of
    1. New York
    2. Chicago
    3. Kansas City
    4. New Orleans
    5. San Francisco
  3. Jazz first appeared in the
    1. 1700s
    2. early 1800s
    3. early 1900s
    4. 1940s
    5. 1960s
  4. Which of the following did NOT eventually lead to the creation of jazz?
    1. slave work songs
    2. spirituals
    3. brass band music
    4. blues
    5. rock
  5. The primary creators of jazz were
    1. Africans
    2. Europeans
    3. African Americans
    4. European Americans
    5. Asians
  6. Today jazz is
    1. played and listened to primarily by African Americans
    2. played and listened to primarily by European Americans
    3. respected more in the United States than in Europe
    4. not appreciated by people outside the United States
    5. played and listened to by people all over the world
  7. Jazz is music that is
    1. planned
    2. spontaneous
    3. partly planned and partly spontaneous
    4. neither planned nor spontaneous
    5. completely improvised
  8. Improvisation is
    1. inventing and doing something on the spur of the moment
    2. following a prepared script
    3. reading music
    4. extra sensory perception (ESP)
    5. following a prepared musical score
  9. Jazz is a metaphoric example of
    1. Socialism
    2. Communism
    3. Fascism
    4. Democracy
    5. Zionism
  10. An example of improvisation is
    1. conservation
    2. reading music
    3. playing symphonic music
    4. reading a speech
    5. conversation
  11. Of the following, jazz is most like a
    1. sport
    2. language
    3. food
    4. cognitive thought
    5. particular nationality
  12. Jazz expresses
    1. cognitive thought
    2. the intentions of the composer as in classical music
    3. music of the past
    4. emotion
    5. the same thing to everyone
  13. Classical music is to jazz as
    1. reading a good book aloud is to having a good conversation
    2. playing basketball is to playing hockey
    3. going to school is to participating in sports
    4. reading about history is to reading about the future
    5. participating in sports is to doing homework
  14. A jazz tune
    1. is played the same way every time regardless of who is playing
    2. is played the same way when repeated by the same artist but played differently when played by a different artist
    3. is played the same way in the middle but differently in the beginning
    4. is played the same way in the middle but differently at the end
    5. is never played the exact same way twice
  15. In jazz,
    1. it is more about where a song is played than what song is played
    2. it is more about what song is played than where it is played
    3. it is more about what song is played than the way it is played
    4. it is more about the way a song is played than what song is played
    5. it does not matter how the song is played
  16. Choose the most correct statement.
    1. Jazz musicians have their own unique way of playing their instruments and thus each has his/her own personal sound.
    2. Different jazz musicians who play the same instrument produce the same exact sound, just different notes.
    3. Jazz musicians strive to sound like the musicians who are most popular.
    4. While all human voices sound different, all saxophones sound the same regardless of who's playing.
    5. The actual sound (tone) an instrument produces does not matter in jazz; all that matters are the notes that are produced.
  17. To play jazz, musicians not only have to learn how to expertly play their instruments and read music, they must learn how to
    1. play by ear
    2. musically communicate with others
    3. improvise
    4. all of the above
    5. none of the above
  18. Choose the most correct statement.
    1. Jazz is a simple form of music, therefore it does not need to be studied to be appreciated fully.
    2. Jazz is a simple form of music, therefore it has "instant appeal" like pop music.
    3. In learning how to play jazz, it does not matter how much time you practice, it only matters if you have a talent for it.
    4. Virtually anyone who can play a musical instrument can learn how to play jazz.
    5. The more time you put into understanding what jazz is all about, the less you're going to get out of it.
  19. Slavery's rise in America occurred gradually over the
    1. 15th and 16th centuries
    2. 16th and 17th centuries
    3. 17th and 18th centuries
    4. 18th and 19th centuries
    5. 19th and 20th centuries
  20. The concept of slavery
    1. began in 1492
    2. began in 1776
    3. began long before the United States was established
    4. only existed in America
    5. is the same as voluntary servitude
  21. American slavery was created as a labor system and was
    1. racially motivated; ie only blacks were enslaved
    2. gender motivated; ie only men were enslaved
    3. age motivated; ie only adults were enslaved
    4. literacy motivated; ie only those who could not read and write were enslaved
    5. physically motivated; ie only those capable of doing difficult physical labor were enslaved
  22. The number of Africans enslaved in the United States was
    1. 100,000 - 500,000
    2. 500,000 - 1,000,000
    3. 1,000,000 - 4,000,000
    4. 4,000,000 - 8,000,000
    5. over 8,000,000
  23. The Fisk University Jubilee Singers are mostly known for
    1. hip-hop
    2. slave songs and spirituals
    3. vocal jazz only
    4. vocal and instrumental jazz
    5. traditional jazz
  24. The Fisk School was established to
    1. teach vocal music
    2. educate slaves while in servitude
    3. educate newly freed slaves
    4. teach Alabama residents
    5. teach jazz
  25. One of the primary reasons for the establishment of the Fisk Jubilee Singers was to
    1. explore new kinds of vocal music, primarily vocal jazz
    2. raise funds for the Fisk School
    3. teach slaves how to sing work songs
    4. teach slaves how to sing spirituals
    5. explore both instrumental and vocal jazz

Fill in the blank with the correct answer
  1. The country known as the birthplace of jazz is ________________.
  2. The city know as the birthplace of jazz is _____________________.
  3. Jazz is approximately ___________________old.
  4. Jazz was created primarily by _______________________________________.
  5. Jazz evolved from slave work songs, spirituals, brass band music, ragtime piano music, and _______________________.
  6. Today, jazz is played and listened to by people from ________________________________________________________.
  7. Jazz is partly planned and partly _____________________________.
  8. The key element in jazz is _________________________, that is, spontaneous composition.
  9. Deciding what to do and doing it on the spur of the moment is called _______________________________.
  10. Jazz is more about the ______________ music is played rather than _____________is played.
  11. A jazz ensemble represents _______________________, that is, individual freedom but with responsibility to the group.
  12. Since jazz communicates thoughts and emotions, it can be considered a _______________________.
  13. Many would agree that they are emotionally affected more by __________________ than by words.
  14. Music is not only an art form, it is a multi- ________________ dollar industry.
  15. Jazz expresses the emotions the musician is feeling while he/she is ________________________________.
  16. Jazz musicians communicate with each other while performing just as people do when they are having a conversation, but rather than using words, musicians use ____________________________.
  17. One way that classical music is different in jazz is that most classical music is written (composed) ahead of time while most jazz is ____________________________.
  18. Jazz musicians strive for their own personal __________________on their instruments.
  19. Jazz is more complex than pop music and therefore does not have pop music's _______________________________________.
  20. Slavery's rise in America occurred gradually over the ______ and ______ centuries.
  21. American slavery was created as a labor system and was ________________ motivated.
  22. The number of African enslaved in the United States was approximately _______________________________.
  23. The Fisk University Jubilee Singers are mostly known for singing _______________________________ and __________________.
  24. The Fisk School was established in the state of _____________________ in 1866 to educate ____________________________.
  25. By 1860, slavery in America had become so widespread that, in the end, only a ______________________________ could end it.

Please answer true or false to the following questions.
1. Jazz was born in Africa. T F
2. Jazz is only 150 years old. T F
3. Jazz first appeared in the city of New York. T F
4. The primary creators of jazz were African American. T F
5. Today, jazz is performed and listened to by people from all over the world. T F
6. Jazz was born out of the Black experience in America. T F
7. Jazz combines both African and European musical traditions. T F
8. Jazz evolved from slave work songs. T F
9. Jazz evolved from spirituals. T F
10. Jazz is partly planned and partly spontaneous. T F
11. The key element of jazz is improvisation. T F
12. Improvising means doing something exactly as planned. T F
13. Reading a book is an example of improvisation. T F
14. Conversation is an example of improvisation. T F
15. Jazz is more about the way music is played rather than what is played. T F
16. Jazz is relatively simple. T F
17. Jazz has more "instant appeal" than pop music. T F
18. Jazz is an example of a perfect democracy. T F
19. Jazz represents cognitive thought. T F
20. With enough practice, virtually anyone can learn how to play jazz. T F
21. Slavery in America occurred rapidly during the 15th and 16th centuries. T F
22. American slavery was created as a labor system and was racially motivated. T F
23. The number of Africans enslaved in United States was approximately 5 million. T F
24. The Fisk University Jubilee Singers are mostly known for singing slave songs and spirituals. T F
25. The Fisk School was established in 1866 to educate slave masters. T F


Write a one to two page answer.
Essay Question #1
Reread the impressions you jotted down while listening to each of the jazz selections at the beginning of the lesson. How are the tunes different? How are they the same?

Essay question #2
What is improvisation? Explain how you improvise in everyday life; provide examples.

Essay question #3
Why is jazz considered America’s music? In what ways does jazz represent America?

Essay question #4
Describe the difference between composed music and improvised music.

Essay question #5
Describe an important event or time in history – it could be something that just happened or something that happened long ago. How might this event influence music?
Match the words in the columns correctly.

1. jazz  

A. jazz's primary creators  

1. _____

2. improvisation  

B. what is played  

2. _____

3. American slavery  

C. composed in advance  

3. _____

4. Middle Passage  

D. the more you get out of it  

4. _____

5. work songs, spirituals, blues, brass band music  

E. "Take Five"  

5. _____

6. Ragtime  

F. America's indigenous art form  

6. _____

7. birthplace of jazz  

G. slave work songs and spirituals  

7. _____

8. early 1900's  

H. Tennessee  

8. _____

9. the way the music is played is more important than...  

I. spontaneous composition  

9. _____

10. unique sound on instrument  

J. journey of slave ships across the Atlantic ocean   

10. _____

11. African Americans  

K. educate freed slaves  

11. _____

12. a jazz ensemble  

L. jazz's musical roots  

12. _____

13. classical music  

M. "Chameleon"  

13. _____

14. human voice  

N. defunct unjust labor system  

14. _____

15. the more you put into it...  

O. a sophisticated piano style  

15. _____

16. Fisk Jubilee Singers' repertoire  

P. "The Entertainer"  

16. _____

17. Fisk School's original mission  

Q. when jazz first appeared  

17. _____

18. Fisk University location  

R. "Lonely Woman"  

18. _____

19. Miles Davis  

S. extension of human voice  

19. _____

20. Herbie Hancock  

T. "How High the Moon"  

20. _____

21. Scott Joplin  

U. first musical instrument  

21. _____

22. Ella Fitzgerald  

V. New Orleans  

22. _____

23. Ornette Coleman  

W. an example of a democratic society  

23. _____

24. Dave Brubeck Quartet  

X. "Main Stem"  

24. _____

25. Duke Ellington  

Y. renowned jazz trumpet player  

25. _____

the thelonious monk institute of jazz
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