Year Developments in Jazz Historical Events
  • Drummer Mel Lewis dies.
  • Vocalist Sarah Vaughan dies.
  • Saxophonist Dexter Gordon dies.
  • Drummer Art Blakey dies.
  • Trumpeter Miles Davis publishes his controversial autobiography Miles: The Autobiography (co-authored by Quincy Troupe).
  • The Gulf War begins.
  • The Warsaw Pact collapses.
  • The Soviet Union falls.
  • Composer Leonard Bernstein dies.
  • Saxophonist Stan Getz dies.
  • Miles Davis appears at the Montreux Jazz Festival with Quincy Jones, performing early work with arranger Gil Evans.
  • Miles Davis dies in California.
  • Upon winning Thelonious Monk Institute International Jazz Saxophone Competition, Joshua Redman signs with Warner Bros. Records.
  • New York's Lincoln Center establishes jazz division Jazz at Lincoln Center; Wynton Marsails named Artistic Director.
  • Children's book writer Dr. Seuss dies.
  • The Tailhook scandal occurs.
  • The Gulf War ends.
  • Miles Davis' final album, Doo-Bop, which features rap, is released.
  • Saxophonist Branford Marsalis becomes the bandleader on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, with a group that includes pianist Kenny Kirkland, bassist Bob Hurst, and drummer Jeff Watts.
  • Hip hop group US3 has a hit with a song that samples Herbie Hancock's Cantaloupe Island.
  • Pianist Herbie Hancock, saxophonist Wayne Shorter, bassist Ron Carter, drummer Tony Williams and trumpeter Wallace Roney tour in a tribute to Miles Davis.
  • Race riots break out in Los Angeles.
  • Author Terry McMillan publishes the hit novel Waiting to Exhale.
  • Mae Jemison becomes the first African American woman astronaut.
  • Carol Moseley-Braun becomes the first African American woman elected to the U.S. Senate.
  • Bandleader Sun Ra dies.
  • Saxophonist Joe Henderson receives critical acclaim for his Miles Davis tribute album So Near, So Far (Musings for Miles).
  • Pianist Chick Corea's Elektrik Band is refused permission to perform in Germany because of Corea' s membership in the controversial Church of Scientology.
  • Saxophonist Jan Garbarek has commercial success with his album Officium.
  • Saxophonist Joshua Redman records two albums and establishes himself as the top star in the “young lion” jazz scene.
  • Dizzie Gillespie dies of pancreatic cancer.
  • South African Prime Minister F.W. de Klerk and political activist Nelson Mandela win Nobel Peace Prize.
  • Poet Maya Angelou delivers a poem for the inauguration of President Clinton.
  • Writer Toni Morrison wins the Nobel Prize for literature.
  •  Bill Clinton becomes president.
  • Guitarist Joe Pass dies.
  • Trumpeter Red Rodney dies.
  • A Tribute to Miles, featuring the Miles Davis tribute band, wins a Grammy Award.
  • South Africa has its first multi-racial election.
  • Paula Jones files a suit for sexual harassment against President Bill Clinton.
  • Trumpeter Roy Hargrove ousts Trumpeter Wynton Marsalis in the Down Beat critic polls.
  • Film director Robert Altman's film, Kansas City, is released, featuring a reenactment of a 1930's jam session with pianist Geri Allen, saxophonist Joshua Redman, bassist Christian McBride, saxophonist James Carter, and others.
  • The Impulse record label is revived after 21 years.
  • Drummer Tony Williams dies.
  • Former football star O.J. Simpson is on trial for murder.
  • Civil unrest occurs in former Chechnya.
  • Oklahoma City Federal building is bombed.
  • Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan organizes the Million Man March in Washington, D.C.
  • Kenny Garrett releases Pursuance: The Music of John Coltrane, with Pat Metheny.
  • Thelonious Monk Institute produces "A Celebration of America's Music" on ABC TV, the first network television special devoted to jazz in over 25 years.
  • Jazz at Lincoln Center becomes full constituent of Lincoln Center, equal in stature with the ten other organizations on campus including the NY Philharmonic, Metropolitan Opera, and NYC Ballet.
  • A bomb is set off at the Olympic games in Atlanta.
  • Wayne Shorter wins a Grammy Award for his electric jazz album High Life.
  • Saxophonist Joshua Redman, bassist Christian McBride, and drummer Brian Blade tour as a trio.
  •  A $27 million jazz museum opens in Kansas City.
  • Group suicide occurs among religious cult Heaven's Gate members in California.
  • Former Princess of Wales Lady Diana dies in a car accident.
  • The first successful clone (Dolly, a sheep) occurs.
  • Guitarist Pat Metheny and bassist Charlie Haden win Grammy Awards for their duet album Beyond the Missouri Sky.
  • Guitarist Kevin Eubanks replaces Branford Marsalis as the bandleader on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno.
  • President Clinton is impeached.
  • Google Internet search engine established.
  • Trumpeter Art Farmer dies.
  • Vibraphonist Milt Jackson dies.
  • Singer Joe Williams dies.
  • Trumpeter Lester Bowie dies.
  • President Clinton is acquitted on impeachment charges after a Senate trial.
  • Fifteen high school students are shot dead by two students at Columbine High School in Colorado.
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