||Developments in Jazz
- Saxophonist Grover Washington, Jr., records his Grammy Award winning album, Winelight, that includes the hit song Just the Two of Us.
- Trumpeter Miles Davis comes out of retirement and records the funk and rock-influenced The Man with the Horn.
- Eighteen-year-old trumpeter Wynton Marsalis records at Montreux with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers.
- Pianist Bill Evans dies in New York.
- Former Beatle John Lennon is murdered in New York City.
- 10,000 Cuban refugees come to the U.S.
- Mt. St. Helen's volcano erupts.
- The Iranian hostage crisis begins.
- Pianist Mary Lou Williams dies.
- Miles Davis makes his first live performance since retirement at Avery Fisher Hall in New York.
- Saxophonist David Sanborn records the album Voyeur, featuring the Grammy-winning song All I Need is You, composed by bassist Marcus Miller.
- Saxophonist Branford and trumpeter Wynton Marsalis joins Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers.
- The U.S. completes its first successful space shuttle mission.
- Race riots occur in Brixton, London.
- Prince Charles marries Lady Diana Spencer.
- President Anwar Sadat of Egypt is assassinated.
- Poland declares martial law to quash trade union "solidarity."
- Former actor Ronald Reagan becomes president.
- Assassination attempts are made on President Reagan and Pope John Paul II.
- Sandra Day O'Connor becomes the first female U.S. Supreme Court Justice.
- The Iranian hostage crises ends.
- The AIDS epidemic begins.
- Pianist Thelonious Monk dies.
- Saxophonist Sonny Stitt dies.
- Bassist Jaco Pastorius leaves Weather Report.
- Trumpeter Wynton Marsalis and vocalist Bobby McFerrin are featured at the Kool Jazz Festival.
- Argentina invades the Falkland Islands. British forces reclaim the Falklands forcing the surrender of Argentine troops.
- Filmmaker Richard Attenborough receives eight Academy Awards for the film Ghandi.
- Filmmaker Steven Spielberg receives three Academy Awards for E.T.
- The Message is one of the earliest rap hits.
- Pianist Keith Jarrett make his first recordings of standards with drummer Jack DeJohnette and bassist Gary Peacock.
- Pianist Eubie Blake dies.
- Pianist Earl Hines dies.
- Trumpeter Wynton Marsalis makes history by winning a jazz and classical Grammy Award in the same year.
- Keyboardist Herbie Hancock's synthesized dance hit, Rockit, reaches number one in the pop charts.
- Pianist Scott Joplin appears on a U.S. postage stamp.
- Writer Tennessee Williams dies.
- The U.S. invades Granada.
- The first compact discs are marketed.
- The Cabbage Patch dolls become a commercial success.
- The School Prayer Amendment is rejected by the U.S. Supreme Court.
- Harold Washington becomes the first Black mayor of Chicago.
- Vanessa Williams becomes the first Black Miss America.
- Bandleader and keyboardist Sun Ra performs in Athens and is voted into the Down Beat Hall of Fame.
- Pianist Count Basie dies in Hollywood.
- Drummer Shelly Manne dies.
- Miles Davis records You're Under Arrest before leaving Columbia Records and signing a seven figure deal with Warner Bros.
- The first black franchise is granted in South Africa.
- Indian Prime Minister Indira Ghandi is assassinated.
- Ronald Reagan is elected to his second term as President.
- Apple Computers launches the first Macintosh.
- Drummer Kenny Clarke dies.
- Miles Davis records Aura in Denmark.
- Trumpeter Thad Jones takes over the Count Basie band.
- Blue Note is relaunched with a concert at Town Hall with drummer Art Blakey, bassist Ron Carter, pianist Herbie Hancock, trumpeter Freddie Hubbard, and others.
- Drummer Philly Joe Jones dies.
- Trumpeter Cootie Williams dies.
- Pianist Chick Corea captures a new audience with his Elektrik Band with electric bassist John Patitucci and drummer Dave Weckl.
- Branford Marsalis tours with pop artist Sting.
- Singer and promoter Bob Geldof's charity concert "Live Aid" reaches a global audience.
- The sunken cruise ship The Titanic is located.
- A new, sweeter Coca-Cola is introduced but Coca-Cola goes back to the original recipe due to poor sales.
- Wynton Marsalis records Standard Time, establishing his reputation as a traditionalist.
- Jazz-pop musician Kenny G has a hit with Songbird.
- Jazz education and outreach organization Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz established in memory of the jazz legend.
- The film ‘Round Midnight is released, starring saxophonist Dexter Gordon as a character loosely based on pianist Bud Powell; Herbie Hancock wins Academy Award for original score.
- Jazz legend Benny Goodman dies.
- The U.S. space shuttle Challenger explodes on launch.
- The U.S. bombs Libya from a British air base.
- Filmmaker Oliver Stone's Platoon receives an Academy Award.
- The Iran-Contra Scandal becomes public.
- The U.S. Supreme Court upholds affirmative-action hiring quotas.
- Electric bassist Jaco Pastorius dies, beat up by a bouncer in a South Florida bar.
- Free jazz saxophonist Ornette Coleman reunites his original quartet.
- Saxophonist Michael Brecker releases his first solo album.
- A big band is formed to celebrate trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie's seventieth birthday.
- Major record labels begin massive reissues of classic jazz recordings on CD, reflecting the renewed interest in bebop and hard bop.
- Classical Jazz, Lincoln Center's first concert series devoted exclusively to jazz, begins in Alice Tully Hall.
- Artist Andy Warhol dies.
- The stock market crashes.
- Ex-Nazi deputy Rudolf Hess commits suicide in a Berlin prison.
- President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev sign the first treaty to reduce nuclear arms.
- Pop vocalist Whitney Houston becomes the first female artist to have an album go straight to number one on the Billboard charts.
- Arranger Gil Evans dies in Mexico.
- Trumpeter Chet Baker dies in mysterious circumstances in Amsterdam.
- Pianist Keith Jarrett is nominated for a Grammy for his recording of music by composer J.S. Bach.
- Actor Clint Eastwood directs Bird, a biographical dramatization of the life of Charlie Parker.
- A jumbo jet explodes over Lockerbie, Scotland.
- American TV evangelist Jim Bakker is forced to resign after admitting to an affair.
- The antidepressant drug Prozac is launched.
- Trumpeter Roy Eldridge dies.
- Trumpeter Woody Shaw dies.
- Nineteen-year-old trumpeter Roy Hargrove records Diamond in the Rough.
- John Zorn records the post-modern album Naked City.
- Trumpeter and producer Quincy Jones records Back on the Block with a wide variety of genres from bop to rap.
- Miles Davis records Amandla.
- Artist Salvador Dali dies.
- The Berlin Wall is opened.
- Protesters are massacred at Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China.
- Writer Salman Rushdie is sentenced to death in Iran for writing his novel The Satanic Verses.
- The U.S. invades Panama.
- The Exxon Valdez oil spill occurs.
- George H. Bush becomes president.